Metal Effects Iron Paint can be brush, roll, or spray applied. Metal Effects Rust Activator can be applied with a brush, sponge, spray bottle or plastic pump sprayer. The Protective Sealer/Top Coat can be applied by brush, varnish roller or spray equipment. The entire system can be applied to any properly prepared surface, including metal, wood, drywall, plaster, paintable wall coverings, canvas or muslin, and plastic surfaces. Popular applications range from full interior and exterior walls, moldings, trim, columns, doors, railings, to lamps, vases, and planters.
Surface Preparation – Remove all loose, peeling paint. Patch and repair any surface imperfections before using the Metal Effects Primer. All surfaces should be sound, clean and free of oil, grease, wax, and other contaminants, and completely dry prior to priming. Surfaces previously primed require light sanding. Scuff sand any glossy surfaces. Stir well before and occasionally during application. Do not thin Metal Effects Primer. If unsure of the substrate, test a sample area to ensure the desired results. Apply at least two coats of Metal Effects Primer to completely seal and block the surface. Some metal surfaces, such as bare aluminum, galvanized metal, or rusted or slag metals, will need a specialty primer from our recommended primer list, applied prior to the application of Metal Effects Primer. If this is the case, read the specific information for the recommended primer prior to beginning your project. Properly prime the clean, dry surface with the recommended primer and allow the surface to dry completely—preferably overnight. Then follow the directions for applying Metal Effects Primer. Note: Lower temperature and higher humidity will lengthen the dry and cure times of primers.
Application – Modern Masters Metal Effects paints can be brushed, rolled, or spray applied (See specific equipment requirements under Spraying) onto any paintable, properly primed, interior or exterior surface, such as walls, ceilings, columns, trim, doors, furniture, and paintable wallcoverings. Always test the product in a small, inconspicuous area before beginning a project to see if the desired results are attained. We recommend preparing a sample board prior to beginning a project to check color and technique. The paint should be mixed thoroughly before using. Do not apply in temperatures below 55°F/13°C or above 85°F/29°C.
Step 1: Apply a minimum of two coats of Metal Effects Iron Paint allowing to dry between each coat and completely dry before applying Rust Activator.
Brushing: Use a high-quality brush recommended for water base semi-gloss paints.
Rolling: To roll Metal Effects Iron Paint use a high-end ½” nap roller and/or a natural sea sponge roller for added effect.
Spraying: To spray Metal Effects Iron Paint, thin with up to 16 fluid ounces/473 milliliters of water to one gallon/3.78 liters of Metal Effects Iron Paint. Thin carefully, as over thinning of the paint will result in loss of hide and a reduction of the desired appearance. Use an HVLP gun or a conventional cup gun with the fluid and air supply from a pressure pot and compressor. Air pressure at the HVLP spray gun needs to be approximately 30 psi, with greater pressures at the tank, approximately 60 psi. Examples: Binks- Mach 1 HVLP, with a 94-nozzle set up (0.55 or 1.4mm diameter fluid tip and a 90P air nozzle). The settings for this equipment were: Fluid Pressure-25psi and Air Pressure-45psi.Binks- 2001 Conventional, with a 66SS air nozzle set up (0.70 or 1.8 fluid tips and a 66SD air nozzle). The settings for this equipment were: Fluid Pressure-30psi and Air Pressure-60psi. Use a NIOSH approved respirator when spraying. Provide adequate ventilation. Note: Do not use turbine-type “air compressors” to power the HVLP
Taping – Use high quality, low-tack tape when taping over surfaces that have been previously painted with Metallic Paint. When painting over taped-off areas be aware that Metallic Paints exhibit poor early adhesion properties and are elastomeric (they stretch) before curing. Consider cutting along the tape edge with a razor blade to avoid delaminating the fresh paint from the substrate.
Dry Times – Recoat time is approximately ½ hour. Dry-to-touch time is approximately an hour. (Drying times were recorded at 70°F and 50%RH): Note: Lower temperature and/or higher humidity will lengthen the dry and cure times.
Coverage – One gallon/3.78 liters will cover approximately 296 square feet/26.6 square meters. Approximately 1.5 mils dry film thickness per coat. A minimum of 3 mils dry film thickness is required for hide and full color development.
Step 2: Apply the Rust Activator with a brush, sea sponge or spray apply with a plastic pump sprayer. After 5 minutes, reapply Rust Activator. As the activated surface dries (approx. 30-40 min.) a real rust finish will appear. Cold temperature and/or humid conditions will prolong the oxidation process and dry time. Allow 24 hours prior to applying Permacoat Xtreme.
Protective Clear Coating –The rusted surface should be protected with Metal Effects Permacoat Xtreme™ DO NOT USE OTHER SEALERS OR VARNISHES. Permacoat Xtreme can be applied by brush, roller or spray. Surface must be completely dry prior to top coating. First coat: Add equal parts of Permacoat Xtreme with water and stir well before applying. Second coat: Apply Permacoat Xtreme at full strength. Let surface dry for 1 hour before handling. Full cure time is 7 to 10 days.
Clean Up – Clean brushes, rollers, tool, and equipment with soap and warm water immediately after use. Do not reuse containers and properly dispose of empty containers.
VOC – Metal Effects Iron Paint contains less than 190 g/L. Metal Effects Primer contains less than 100 g/L. Metal Effects Permacoat Xtreme contains less than 100 g/L.